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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with the ‘Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals’ compiled by the International Committee of Medical Journal.

Journals Asian Journal of Diabetology strongly disapproves of the submission of the same articles simultaneously to different journals for consideration as well as duplicate publication and will decline to accept fresh manuscripts submitted by authors who have done so.

The boxed checklist (provided at the end) will help authors prepare their manuscript according to our requirements. Improperly prepared manuscripts may be returned to the author without review. The checklist should accompany each manuscript.

On the checklist, authors may provide the names and addresses of experts from Asia and other parts of the World who, in the authors’ opinion, are best qualified to review the paper.

Cover letter

The cover letter should explain if there is any deviation from the standard IMRAD format (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion) and should outline the importance of the paper.

The principal/Senior author must sign the cover letter indicating full responsibility for the paper submitted, preferably with the signatures of all the authors.

Articles must be accompanied by a declaration by all authors stating that the article has not been published in any other Journal/Book. Authors should mention complete designation and departments, etc., in the manuscript.

All Original Research articles submitted for publication should also include a letter of approval from the Ethics Committee.

Any case report linked to a drug side effect should be mandatorily notified to the Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI) and then submitted for publication, along with details of submission.


Three complete sets of the manuscript should be submitted; typed double-spaced throughout (including references, tables, and legends to figures).

The manuscript should be arranged as follows: Cover letter, Checklist, Title page, Abstract, Keywords , Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, References, Tables, Legends to Figures and Figures.

All pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the title page.

Title page

It should contain the title, short title, names of all the authors (without degrees or diplomas), names and full location of the departments and institutions where the work was performed, name of the corresponding authors, acknowledgment of financial support, and abbreviations used.

The title should be no more than 80 characters and represent the major theme of the manuscript. A subtitle can be added if necessary.

A short title of not more than 50 characters (including inter-word spaces) for use as a running head should be included.

The name, telephone and fax numbers, e-mail, and postal addresses of the author to whom communications are to be sent should be typed in the lower right corner of the title page.

A list of abbreviations used in the paper should be included. In general, the use of abbreviations is discouraged unless they are essential for improving the readability of the text.


The abstract of not more than 200 words. It must convey the essential features of the paper.

It should not contain abbreviations, footnotes, or references.


The introduction should state the study background, problem/research question, rationale, and the aims/objectives of the study


These should be described in sufficient detail to allow evaluation and duplication of the work by others.

Ethical guidelines followed by the investigations should be described.


The following information should be given:

The statistical universe, i.e., the population from which the sample for the study is selected.

Method of selecting the sample (cases, subjects, etc., from the statistical universe).

Method of allocating the subjects into different groups.

Statistical methods used for data presentation and analysis, i.e., in terms of mean and standard deviation values or percentages and statistical tests such as Student’s ‘t’ test, Chi-square test, and analysis of variance or non-parametric tests and multivariate techniques.

Confidence intervals for the measurements should be provided wherever appropriate.


These should be concise and include only the tables and figures necessary to enhance the understanding of the text.

Repetition of results in text and tables or figures should be avoided.


This should consist of a review of the literature and relate the major findings of the article to other publications on the subject. The relevance of the results to healthcare in India should be stressed, e.g., practicality and cost.


These should confirm to the Vancouver style. References should be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text, and these numbers should be inserted as superscript (Sinha12 confirmed other reports13,14...). References cited only in tables or in legends to figures should be numbered in the text of the particular table or illustration. References may include papers accepted but not yet published; designate the journal and add ‘in press’ (in parentheses). Information from manuscripts submitted but not yet accepted should be cited in the text as ‘unpublished observations’ (in parentheses).

At the end of the article, the full list of references should include the names of all authors if there are fewer than seven or if there are more, the first six followed by et al., the full title of the journal article or book chapters; the title of journals abbreviated according to the style of the Index Medicus and the first and final page numbers of the article or chapter. The authors should check that the references are accurate. If they are not, this may result in the rejection of an otherwise adequate contribution.

Examples of common forms of references are:


Paintal AS. Impulses in vagal afferent fibres from specific pulmonary deflation receptors. The response of those receptors to phenylguanide, potato S-hydroxytryptamine and their role in respiratory and cardiovascular reflexes. Q. J. Expt. Physiol. 1955;40:89-111.


Stansfield AG. Lymph Node Biopsy Interpretation Churchill Livingstone, New York 1985.

Articles in Books

Strong MS. Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. In: Scott Brown’s Otolaryngology. Paediatric Otolaryngology Evans JNG (Ed.), Butterworths, London 1987;6:466-470.


These should be typed double-spaced on separate sheets with the table number (in Roman Arabic numerals) and title above the table and explanatory notes below the table.


These should be typed in double spaces on a separate sheet and figure numbers (in Arabic numerals) corresponding with the order in which the figures are presented in the text.

The legend must include enough information to permit interpretation of the figure without reference to the text.


Two complete sets of glossy prints of high quality should be submitted. The labeling must be clear and neat.

All photomicrographs should indicate the magnification of the print.

Special features should be indicated by arrows or letters contrasting with the background.

The back of each illustration should bear the first author’s last name, figure number, and an arrow indicating the top. This should be written lightly in pencil only. Please do not use a hard pencil, ballpoint, or felt pen.

 Color illustrations will be accepted if they make a contribution to the understanding of the article.

Do not use clips/staples on photographs and artwork.

Illustrations must be drawn neatly by an artist, and photographs must be sent on glossy paper.

No captions should be written directly on the photographs or illustrations. Legends to all photographs and illustrations should be typed on a separate sheet of paper. All illustrations and figures must be referred to in the text and abbreviated as “Fig.”.

Please complete the following checklist and attach it to the manuscriptdit Copyright Notice