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Urinalysis serves as a diagnostic procedure employed to assess the condition of a patient's urinary system, encompassing
the examination of physical, chemical and microscopic attributes within a urine sample. In Nigeria, urinalysis stands as
a frequently utilized diagnostic modality, widely accessible within health care facilities and is generally cost-effective.
Nevertheless, despite its widespread availability, certain obstacles persist that hinder its effective utilization. Through this
review, we aim to emphasize the significance of urinalysis in the diagnosis of kidney diseases within low-income nations,
while also addressing the impediments that hinder its proper application. We also propose a range of requisite measures