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The hypothalamus, the master regulator of circadian rhythm, in association with peripheral clocks, play crucial roles in glucose metabolism. Impairment in cerebral sensing, uptake and processing of glucose has been suggested in various animal and human diabetic models. Diabetes Mellitus has been largely superseded by the discovery of insulin and insulin resistance. Expanding horizons of knowledge of the roles of the hypothalamus in glucose metabolism and the overlapping neural pathways of sugar addiction
with other classically described substance and behavioral addictions networks have again thrown some light on the cerebral theory of DM pathogenesis.
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